Oil Field Coversion Part 3 Oil Field Conversion Part 3 – Pressure,Velocity,Volume,Weight

The last part of unit conversion is the conversion for  Pressure,Velocity, Volume and Weight specially used in the oilfield.

The RED number is the conversion unit.

Pressure

Atmospheres x 14.696 = Pounds/sq inch

Atmospheres x 1.033 = Kilograms/sq cm

Atmospheres x 101300 = Pascals

Kilograms/sq cm x 0.9678 = Atmospheres

Kilograms/sq cm x 14.223 = Pounds/sq inch

Kilograms/sq cm x 0.9678 = Atmospheres

Pounds/sq inch x 0.068 = Atmospheres

Pounds/sq inch x 0.0703 = Kilograms/sq cm

Pounds/sq inch x 0.006894 = Pascals

Velocity

Feet/sec x 0.305 = Meters/sec

Feet/mm x 0.00508 = Meters/sec

Meters/sec x 196.8 = Feet/mm

Meters/sec x 3.28 = Feet/sec

Volume

Barrels x 42 = Gallons

Cubic centimeters x 0.00003531 = Cubic feet

Cubic centimeters x 0.06102 = Cubic inches

Cubic centimeters x 0.000001 = Cubic meters

Cubic centimeters x 0.000264 = Gallons

Cubic centimeters x 0.001 = Litters

Cubic feet x 28320 = Cubic centimeters

Cubic feet x 1728 = Cubic inches

Cubic feet x 0.02832 = Cubic meters

Cubic feet x 7.48 = Gallons

Cubic feet x 28.32 = Litters

Cubic inches x 16.39 = Cubic centimeters

Cubic inches x 0.0005787 = Cubic feet

Cubic inches x 0.00001639 = Cubic meters

Cubic inches x 0.004329 = Gallons

Cubic inches x 0.01639 = Liters

Cubic meters x 1000000 = Cubic centimeters

Cubic meters x 35.31 = Cubic feet

Cubic meters x 264.2 = Gallons

Gallons x 0.0238 = Barrels

Gallons x 3785 = Cubic centimeters

Gallons x 0.1337 = Cubic feet

Gallons x 231 = Cubic inches

Gallons x 0.003785 = Cubic meters

Gallons x 3.785 = Liters

Weight

Pounds x 0.0004535 = Tons (metric)

Tons (metric) x 2205 = Pounds

Tons (metric) x 1000 = Kilograms

Ref book: Drilling Formula Book Formulas and Calculations for Drilling, Production and Workover, Second Edition

Oil Field Conversion Part 2 – Length,Mud Weight,Power

The second part of unit conversion is the conversion for  Length,Mud Weight and Power specially used in the oil field.

The RED number is the conversion unit.

Length

Feet x 0.305 = Meters

Inches x 25.4 = Millimeters

Inches x 2.54 = Centimeters

Centimeters x 0.394 = Inches

Millimeters x 0.03937 = Inches

Meters x 3.281 = Feet

Mud Weight

Pounds/gallon x 7.48 = Pounds/cu ft

Pounds/gallon x 0.12 = Specific gravity

Pounds/gallon x 0.1198 = Grams/cu cm

Grams/cu cm x 8.347 = Pounds/gallon

Pounds/cu ft x 0.134 = Pounds/gallon

Specific gravity x 8.34 = Pounds/gallon

Power

Horsepower x 1.014 = Horsepower (metric)

Horsepower x 0.746 = Kilowatts

Horsepower x 550 = Foot-pounds/sec

Horsepower (metric) x 0.986 = Horsepower

Horsepower (metric) x 542.5 = Foot-pounds/sec

Kilowatts x 1.341 = Horsepower

Foot pounds/sec x 0.00181 = Horsepower

Ref book: Drilling Formula Book Formulas and Calculations for Drilling, Production and Workover, Second Edition

Oil Field Conversion Part 1 – Area, Circulation Rate, Impact Force

Working in the oil filed, you may need to convert some unit values to another unit valves.  I have some conversion unit specially used in the drilling and working over industry.  I have 3 parts of the oil field conversion unit. This is the first part which is the conversion of Area, Circulation Rate, Impact Force.

The RED number is the conversion unit.

Area

Square inches x 6.45 = Square centimeters

Square inches x 645 = Square millimeters

Square centimeters x 0.155 = Square inches

Square millimeters x 0.00155 = Square inches

Circulation Rate

Barrels/min x 42 = Gallons/min

Cubic feet/min x 0.000472 = Cubic meters/sec

Cubic feet/min x 7.48 = Gallons/min

Cubic feel/mm x 28.32 = Liters/min

Cubic meters/sec x 15850 = Gallons/min

Cubic meters/sec x 2118 = Cubic feet/min

Cubic meters/sec x 60000 = Litres/min

Gallons/min x 0.0238 = Barrels/ruin

Gallons/min x 0.134 = Cubic feet/min

Gallons/min x 3.79 = Litres/min

Gallons/min x 0.00006309 = Cubic meters/sec

Litres/min x 0.00001667 = Cubic meters/sec

Litres/min x 0.0353 = Cubic feet/min

Litres/min x 0.264 = Gallons/min

Impact Force

Pounds x 0.0000445 = Dynes

Pounds x 0.454 = Kilograms

Pounds x 4.448 = Newtons

Dynes x0.00000225 = Pounds

Kilograms x 2.2 = Pounds

Newtons x 0.2248 = Pounds

I hope this conversion unit will be advantageous for you.

Ref book: Drilling Formula Book Formulas and Calculations for Drilling, Production and Workover, Second Edition

Geological Description Part 2 (last part)

clay stone and shale=Clay Stone & Shale (Clst&Sh).

Clay Stone & Shale are formed from accumulation of clay minerals and silt particles. Its grain size is less than 4 microns.

 

 

marl= Marl (Mrl).

Marl is formed from accumulation of clay minerals and calcium carbonate (calcite) and its grain size is less than 4 microns.

 

sand stone= Sandstone (Sst)

Sandstone is formed of accumulation of mineral grains (quartz) and its grain size is from 60 microns to 2 mm.

 

silt stone= Siltstone (SLst)

Siltstone is formed of accumulation of mineral grains (quartz) and its grain size is from 4 to 60 microns.

 

conglomolate= Conglomerate (Cgl), its grain size is greater than 2 mm.

Conglomerate is formed from accumulation of primarily granule, pebble and boulder size particle.

 

fault= Geological fault

 

Geological Description Part 1

It is very important to understand what geological description used in oil filed business. Hence, I collect the geological description from the book in order to be your reference and you will be able to understand meaning of each photo describing type of rock.

lime stone = Limestone (Ls)

dolomite and shalk = Dolomite&Chalk (Dol & Chk)

chert = Chert (Cht)

Limestones, Dolomite and Chalk are formed from large deposit of calcium carbonate (calcite) and calcium magnesium (dolomite).

gypsum = Gypsum & Anhydrite (Gyp & Anhy)

salt = Salt (Sa)

Gypsum, Anhydrite and Salt are composed of minerals precipitated from solution during evaporation of water.

basement = Basement (Bm)

volcanic = Volcanics (Volc)

Basement and Volcanics are formed from the cooling of molten magma.