Pressure Loss and Equivalent Circulating Density Review

This example that I got from my junior member is very simple but it helps you a lot to understand about how to determine pressure loss during normal circulation.

Information given is listed below;

Pressure Loss and Equivalent Circulating Density Review

Circulate at 3 bottom up through open end tubing (Down tubing and up annulus) with 12.7 ppg mud.

Pump pressure = 1000 psi

Annulus friction loss = 50 psi

Inside tubing friction loss = 925 psi

Surface line friction loss = 25 psi

Calculate the pressure in the well at 10,000’ (tubing tail).

What would ECD at 10,000’ TVD be?

The concept of calculation that you should know : total pressure at bottom = pumping pressure + hydrostatic pressure – pressure loss in the opposite way of fluid flowing.


If I reference to the drill string site, I will get the equation like this.

Pressure at bottom hole= Hydrostatic Pressure at bottom hole + Pressure from pump- Pressure Loss in surface line – Pressure loss in tubing

Pressure in the well at 10,000’ = 0.052×12.7×10000 + 1000 – 25 – 925 = 6654 psi

If I reference to the annulus site, I will get the equation like this.

Pressure at bottom hole= Hydrostatic Pressure at bottom hole +Annular pressure loss

Note: Hydrostatic pressure and annular pressure loss force downward.

Pressure in the well at 10,000’ = 0.052×12.7×10000+ 50 = 6654 psi

Note: It doesn’t matter which site of u-tube you refer to the bottom hole pressure is still the same.
ECD (Equivalent Circulating Density) is calculated by this following equation:

ECD = Current mud weight in PPG + (annular pressure loss /(0.052xTVD))

ECD = 12.7 + (50/(0.052 x 10000))

ECD = 12.8 ppg

Ref book: Drilling Formula Book Formulas and Calculations for Drilling, Production and Workover, Second Edition

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6 Responses to Pressure Loss and Equivalent Circulating Density Review

  1. Manuel says:

    I ve been use this grup to be more informed about oil industry a my personal knowlege and has been helpful. I do not have experience in industry yet. thanks to all of you.

  2. mouyembe says:

    helpfull informations, it really helped me to catch this

  3. Balamurugan says:

    Useful info.

  4. Mohanad alhabbal says:

    can you please do dubble check of ECD formula I thing it is not correct.
    E.C.D = BHP+ Annulus press./0.052*TVD


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