Drilling Ton-Mile is the work of drilling line that is commonly measured as the cumulative of the load lifted in tons and the distance lifted or lowered in miles. When the predetermined ton-mile limit is reached, drilling contractors will perform slip and cut drilling line to prevent drilling line fatigue.
When drilling line is spooled on and off a drawworks drum during operation as drilling a well, running casing, coring, etc.The drilling line get worn out; therefore, drilling contractors must cut old section and replace with new section of drilling line at specific period based on ton mile calculation.
The most worn area is the end of drilling line where is constantly spooled over the draw works drum. A section of drilling line, typically around 100 ft, is cut then the drilling line is re-attached to the draw works drum and the amount cut off is spooled back on the drum. This operation is called “slip and cut drilling line”.
Note: Ton-mile is the important figure that must be recorded correctly. However, the most important is to visually inspect drilling line all time to see if there is any worn out wire. If you see the worn out line, you need to cut the drilling line even though the drilling line does not reach ton-mile limit yet.
All types of ton-mile service should be calculated and recorded in order to obtain a true picture of the total service received from the rotary drilling line. There are several types of ton miles as follows;