Annular preventers are the most versatile well control equipment and there are many names referring it as bag preventers, or spherical preventers. The annular preventers are able to seal around several size of drill pipe/drill collar, work string, wireline, tubing, etc. There are some models which can utilize wellbore pressure to provide additional sealing capability.
The annular preventer consists of a body, a cap, a piston and a rubber packing element. The illustration below demonstrates the drawing of an annular preventer.
How the annular preventers work?
Close – When the hydraulic oil is pumped into the extend port, the element inside will be lifted and squeezed the pipe/tubular.
Open – On the other hand, if the hydraulic fluid is pumped into the retract port, the element will be pushed down resulting in releasing the tubular.
The following videos will help you understand how the annular preventer work.
Nowadays, there are several manufactures providing this equipment such as Hydril, NOV (Shaffer) and Cameron. The models available in the market based on the manufactures are listed below:
Hydril – Hydril GL, GX, GK and Annu-Flex
Cameron – Cameron DL
NOV (Shaffer) – SPHERICAL BOPS
In the market, the annular preventers have wide range of size and operating pressure and you can see from the technical specification from the link that we provide. It is very important that personnel must know how to operate and maintenance the annular preventers properly. Personnel must strictly follow the operating manual to prevent the premature failure.
Cormack, D. (2007). An introduction to well control calculations for drilling operations. 1st ed. Texas: Springer.
Crumpton, H. (2010). Well Control for Completions and Interventions. 1st ed. Texas: Gulf Publishing.
Grace, R. (2003). Blowout and well control handbook [recurso electrónico]. 1st ed. Paises Bajos: Gulf Professional Pub.
Grace, R. and Cudd, B. (1994). Advanced blowout & well control. 1st ed. Houston: Gulf Publishing Company.