**Cement volume calculation** is based on annular capacity multiplied by length of cement as per cement program. This topic will demonstrate you how to determine cement volume as per specification and displace volume. After reading and understanding the concept, you will be able to apply to your cement job.

The knowledge required:annular capacity and inner capacity of cylindical object

**Well information: **

Well is drilled with 8.5 inch bit to 9,015 MD/8,505 TVD with oil based mud (9.5 ppg). Estimated hole sized based on an open hole log is 8.6 inch.

Previous casing size is 9-5/8” and its shoe is at 6,500 MD/5000’TVD.

Plan to run 7” casing and planned shoe depth at 9,000’MD/8,500’TVD.

There is one float collar at 8960’MD/8470’ TVD.

Top of cement is 2000 ft above 9-5/8” casing.

Spacer volume is from top of cement to surface.

** Casing information**

7” casing ID = 6.185”

9-5/8” casing ID = 8.85”

Use hole size measured from the open hole log to determine cement volume.

The well schematic should look like this.

**Determine the following items:**

• Cement volume

• Spacer volume

• Displace volume

**As per the cement program, the final schematic will look like this.**

**Determine cement volume**

Total cement volume = cement in the annulus between open hole and 7” casing + cement in annulus between 9-5/8” casing and 7” casing + cement in shoe track

There are three parts that you need to calculate in order to get total cement volume as listed below:

1. cement in the annulus between open hole and 7” casing

2. cement in annulus between 9-5/8” casing and 7” casing

3. cement in shoe track

The cement volume is based on annular capacity multiplied by cement length of each section.

**Cement in the annulus between open hole and 7” casing**

Annular capacity between open hole and 7” casing = (8.6^{2}-7^{2}) ÷ 1029.4 = 0.02425 bbl/ft

Length from 7” casing shoe to 9-5/8” casing shoe = 9000 – 6500 = 2500 ft

Cement in the annulus between open hole and 7” casing = 0.02425×2500 = 60.6 bbl

**Cement in annulus between 9-5/8” casing and 7” casing**

Annular capacity between 9-5/8” casing and 7” casing = (8.85^{2}-7^{2}) ÷ 1029.4 = 0.02849 bbl/ft

Length of cement inside 7” casing = 2000 ft

Cement in annulus between 9-5/8” casing and 7” casing = 0.02849 x 2000 = 57 bbl

**Cement in shoe track**

Capacity of 7” casing = 6.185^{2} ÷ 1029.4 = 0.03716 bbl/ft

Shoe track length = 40 ft

Cement in shoe track = 40 x 0.03716 = 1.5 bbl

**Total Cement Volume**

Total cement = 60.6 + 57 + 1.5 = 119.1 bbl

**Determine space volume**

As per the cement program, spacer will be at surface.

Spacer volume = Annular capacity between 9-5/8” casing and 7” casing x length of spacer

Annular capacity between 9-5/8” casing and 7” casing = (8.85^{2}-7^{2}) ÷ 1029.4 = 0.02849 bbl/ft

Length of spacer = volume annulus to TOC

TOC 2000 ft inside casing shoe = 6,500 – 2,000 = 4,500 ft

Spacer volume = 0.02849 x 4,500 = 128.2 bbl

**Determine displace volume**

The displacement volume is from surface to the float collar where the top plug will sit on.

Displacement volume = Capacity of 7” casing x Length to the float collar

Capacity of 7” casing = 6.185^{2} ÷ 1029.4 = 0.03716 bbl/ft

Length to the float collar = 8,960 ft

Displacement volume = 0.03716 x 8960 = 333 bbl

**Conclusion for this cement calculation**

• Cement volume = 119.1 bbl

• Spacer volume = 128.2 bbl

• Displace volume = 333 bbl

With this example, I wish you would understand more about how to determine cement volume. Please remember that any cement volume calculation is based on this concept.

**Ref books: Cementing Technology Books**

**Formulas and Calculations for Drilling, Production and Workover, Second Edition**

thanks and best regards for this explanation.

What is Yeild Point when talking about cementing? How do you figure out excess. Say you need 25% excess. Do you just take cement volume x .25 plus cement volume? Thanks for your help.

% excess is extra volume as per cement design. You are right. You just add cement volume x .25 plus cement volume.

What is yeild point when talking about cementing?

Yield point is cement volume per sack of cement.

What will be the differential pressure for the float shoe to hold before the setting of the cement?

Thank you.