One application of the rig tong is to use to make up connection. The question is asked about how to get the right torque value to the connection if you use the rig tong because you will not see the torque value on the gauge. This article will describe how to determine the correct force applied to get the correct torque value when you use the rig tong to make up the connection.

This formula below is used to determine force at required make up torque value.

**Oilfield Unit**

*Force **= **Torque ÷ **Length of the tong*

**Where;**

Torque in ft-lb

Force in lb

Length of the tong in ft

Force is perpendicular to the tong length.

The illustration above demonstrates the direction of force.

**Metric Unit**

*Force **= **Torque ÷ **Length of the tong*

**Where;**

Torque in N-m

Force in N

Length of the tong in m

Force is perpendicular to the tong length.

**Example: **

Connection 4-1/2” IF – required make up torque = 30,700 ft-lb.

Tong length is 4 ft

**How much pulling force do you require to achieve the required make up torque?**

Force = Torque ÷ Length of the tong

Force = 30,700 ÷ 4.0

Force = 7,675 lb

**Answer:** 7,675 lb pulling force is applied to 4-ft tong in order to get the torque at connection at 30,700 ft-lb.

You can download the spreadsheet from the download link.

**Ref books: **

Lapeyrouse, N.J., 2002. Formulas and calculations for drilling, production and workover, Boston: Gulf Professional publishing.

Bourgoyne, A.J.T., Chenevert , M.E. & Millheim, K.K., 1986. SPE Textbook Series, Volume 2: Applied Drilling Engineering, Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Mitchell, R.F., Miska, S. & Aadny, B.S., 2011. Fundamentals of drilling engineering, Richardson, TX: Society of Petroleum Engineers.