# What does the negative vertical section mean?

Vertical Section is the horizontal distance of wellbore that moves in the direction of the target per each station or in total.  For instance, in the figure below, vertical section is the distance from survey to survey point and it’s measured in the same direction of the vertical section direction.

The two factors that affect vertical section are as follows:

1. The Incremental horizontal displacement (? HD)

2. Vertical section direction (VSD) is the azimuth that is used to reference to the vertical section. Normally, VSD is the azimuth of the last target.

The simple mathematics as Average Angle Method calculation demonstrates the relationship of the VS as below:

VS = cos (VSD – Az avg) X ?HD

VS: Vertical Section

VSD: Vertical Section Direction

Az avg: Average Azimuth between 2 points (Az1 + Az2) ÷2

?HD: Delta Horizontal Displacement

In order to get the Positive Vertical Section or Zero Vertical Section, a well path must have difference of angle between VSD and Az avg, (VSD – Az avg), within a range of +90 to -90 degree. On the other hands, the negative Vertical Section can occur because the difference of angle between VSD and A zavg, (VSD – Az avg), is out of range of +90 to -90 degree AZI.

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### 2 Responses to What does the negative vertical section mean?

1. Hesham says:

In other words, Vertical section it will be negative if its in different quarter.

2. Hesham says:

If vertical section direction in different quarter with the last Azi. It will be _ve.To understand Vertical section direction simply: its the azimuth you are looking to the well in section view.iview.if you have compass try to change vertical section direction and add 180 plus the current.you will get the same shap but in different sign.

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