## Piston Force on Closed-Ended Tubular (Plugged Tubular)

According to the previous post (piston force on open-ended tubular), applied surface pressure will reduce tensile force on surface. In this article, this is an analysis on the piston force on a plugged tubular string and the details are shown below;

Tubing Detail

• 5” Tubing
• ID of tubing = 3.696”
• Packer seal bore OD = 5.25”
• Weight per length = 17.7 lb/ft
• Total Length = 10,000 ft
• Plugged tubing depth = 10,000 ft
• Fluid density = 10 ppg
• Tubing is free to move in the packer
• Applied surface pressure = 5,000 psi

Figure 1 shows the wellbore schematic. Applied pressure (5,000 psi) will cause a piston effect to push the tubing. Therefore, at the bottom of tubing buoyancy and piston force will act in an upwards direction (compression).

Figure 1 – Wellbore Schematic

## Piston Force on Open-Ended Tubular

Piston force is a load caused directly by changes in pressure acting on the exposed cross sectional area of pipe. This results in changing in length of tubular and force acting against tubular. In this article, it generally demonstrates force distribution based on a simple tubular diagram.

Tubing Detail

• 5” Tubing
• ID of tubing = 3.696”
• Weight per length = 17.7 lb/ft
• Total Length = 10,000 ft
• Fluid density = 10 ppg
• Tubing is free to move in the packer
• Applied surface pressure = 5,000 psi

## Design Factor for Tubular Design

Tubular must be properly deigned to cover all anticipated load cases during the life of the well.  Engineers must select the appropriate tubular grade and weight, which will withstand the loads and be economic for the project. High grade to tubular can lead to excessive cost, which may not be economic viable. However, if the selected tubular is very close to the anticipated load, it might not be safe to operate the well. Therefore, engineers must fully understand the concept about design factors in tubular design.

## Design Factors Relating To Properly Design The Right Size of Mud Gas Separator for Drilling Rig

A mud gas separator or poor boy degasser or gas buster is one of the most critical well control equipment on drilling rigs. It is used to separate gas kick from drilling mud while circulating kick out of wells or circulating gas while drilling or workover operations. The mud gas separator used on drilling rigs is typically a vertical cylindrical vessel with many baffle plates inside because vertical vessels have small footprints. The drilling mud from the well goes into the mud gas separator and hits baffles. Then gas will be removed due to hitting action. The gas will go up and exist to atmosphere via a vent line at the top of the vessel. The drilling fluid drops after colliding baffles and exists the mud gas separator through the line and return to a mud pit.