Drilling bits are one of the key tools to achieve good performance drilling and there are several types of bits. Therefore, personnel need to understand in order to use the right bits for the task. Today, we would like to share this excellent VDO teaching you about drilling bits. This VDO is excellent for everybody because it has a lot of illustrations and animations along with full explanations. As usual, we have full VDO transcript for anyone who cannot catch the wording from this footage.
As we discussed in the last section, crew members install the bit on the on the bottom drill collar. Two kinds of bits are roller cone bits and fixed cutter bits. Fixed cutter bits are also called fixed head bits. Roller cone bits usually have three cone shaped devices with teeth or cutters. As the bit rotates the cone and cutters rotate to drill a head. Fixed head bits also have cutters but manufacturers embed them in the bit’s head. The bit’s head moves only when the bit rotates. It has no moving parts like the cones on a roller cone bit. Both roller cone bits and fixed head bits come in sizes ranging from 2 or 3 inches or about 50 – 75 millimeters in diameter to more than 36 inches about 1 m in diameter.