In the previous topic, we discuss about the annular preventer and today we would like to give you more details regarding ram preventers. The ram preventers were invented by James Smither Abercrombie and Harry S. Cameron in 1922.
This preventer consists of two rams which extend into the center of the wellbore in order to shut the well in (see the image below). The ram preventers can be hydraulically or manually operated. When people would like to shut the well in using the ram preventer, they will go to the hydraulic option first. If the hydraulic is not properly operated, the manual system will be utilized.
In order to provide the wellbore sealing, the rams must compose of top seals and packers which are made of the special elastomer. For more understanding, please take a look at the diagram of Cameron BOP below.
(Courtesy of Cameron)
When the well is shut in, the packer will seal around drillstring or tubular and the top seal will be pushed against the BOP body. With both top seals and packer, the well is securely shut in when
In the drilling industry, there are four types of rams preventers which are Pipe Rams, Variable Bore Rams (VBR), blind rams and blind-shear rams.