Single zone completion is one of the types of upper completion which allows producing only one zone. Production tubing is a flow path for fluid from a reservoir to flow to the surface so it protects the casing from corrosion and maximizes the efficiency of the flow.
In a single tubing string completion, typically a packer is set on top of a reservoir so the reservoir fluid can flow up into the production tubing. Types of packers are based on several factors as temperature, pressure, reservoir fluid, etc. Additionally, complexity of tubing and packer installation is driven by objectives.
Cased and perforated completion is the most common type of completion which is selected my many companies. For this completion, a production casing or a liner is cemented through reservoir zone(s) and subsequently, a well is perforated in order to provide communication between the formation and wellbore.
Perforation should ideally penetrate deeper rather than nearer a wellbore damage zone around a wellbore so fluid from a reservoir can effectively flow into a wellbore. Additionally, several depth control methods help to accurately select which section of reservoir to be perforated. Hence, undesired zones, such as gas, water or weak formation can be avoided and this will improve well production efficiency.
Cementing around the wellbore is one of the critical parts for this completion because good cement will effectively isolate all zones and allows a wellbore to produce from several zones without communication between reservoirs. Moreover, packers are run into a wellbore to isolate reservoir fluid when it flows into a wellbore.
Another important feature of this completion is the ability to selectively produce or inject into any reservoir. A sliding sleeve on each zone can be opened and closed to allow selective production or injection operation. Figure 1 illustrates the diagram of cased and perforated completion.
Figure 1- Example of Cased and Perforated Schematic
Open hole completion or bare foot completion is one type of completion where the production casing is set on top of the reservoir, but the open hole section is left without cemented casing. Typically, drilling into a pay zone is drilled with non-damage drilling mud or drilling mud weighted with calcium carbonate, which can be dissolved with acid later if needed.
Open Hole Completion
The pros and cons of this completion are as follows; Continue reading